Wind power turbines

Generating Electricity with Wind Energy

The source of wind energy is solar energy. Wind energy is formed by the irregularities on land and the differences of heat in the atmosphere. Although only a small part of solar energy reaching the earth turn into wind energy, the total amount of wind energy is greater. In many areas, wind energy can have a natural density equal to or more than the average density of solar energy.
Topography is an important factor in terms of wind regime. It can be a disadvantage for wind energy, but at the same time it is also a great advantage. In areas where wind energy is highly concentrated, it is possible to establish energy production facilities by putting more than one wind power system.
Wind has a natural potential due to its kinetic energy. This is called natural potential of wind energy. One part of this natural potential can be transformed into energy by the use of common physical laws and current technological advancements: this is called technical potential of wind energy; and the part that can be used economically as compared to other energy sources is called economic potential of wind energy. Given that our country is a peninsula, it is possible to use various types of small aerogenerators to produce energy by the sea, on the hills and some deltas.
Even though Turkey’s great potential for solar and wind energy is known for a long time, low rate guarantee, government’s 600 kW limit to solar energy, complicated and long procedures to get a license were the biggest obstacles for this market to grow. According to the circular published in the Official Gazette on December 3rd 2010, turbines up to 1.000 kW can be connected to the main grid and can sell the surplus of their production to distributors. Payments and settlements are made monthly.
 

 

Potential Wind Energy Map
Türkiye Rüzgar Atlası

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Vertical wind turbines

Vertical Wind Turbines These turbines rotate vertically. The advantageous feature is that the turbines do not have to turn to the wind, they can grasp the wind from any side – It is efficient for areas where wind’s direction changes all the time. The generator and the wheel box can be replaced close to the […]

Horizontal wind turbines

Horizontal Wind Turbines These are common turbines that have horizontal rotation. Main motor shaft and the generator are on top of the tower and should be turned towards the wind. Their sizes vary from very big to small. Small turbines are turned with a simple wind tail; and big turbines use a wind censor and […]